The Victoria Nile, Murchison Falls and Lake Albert, Uganda: rifting and river capture.
The western branch (Albertine Rift) of the East African Rift System (EARS) is a remarkable area of geomorphological and ecological diversity. The rapid and unusual diversification of species for which this region is renowned (Danley et al., 2012) can be ascribed to the unique geology, which in turn has created considerable climatic variability. The Albertine Rift is named after Lake Albert the largest lake in the Ugandan section of the rift. Lake Albert was once part of the giant palaeolake Obweruka which infilled large tracts of the Albertine Rift during the Late Miocene and Early Pliocene.